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A Brief Guide to Mold and Your Home

MoldA mold home guide is essential to understand the basics of the substance, how it forms in the home, and the best ways to get rid of it. Besides being ugly and dangerous to the home's structure, it can also cause negative effects on a person's health. Here are some key things to comprehend about mold.

Why Mold Grows in the Home

Mold, a fungus, is part of nature. Out in the elements, it serves as a way to break down dead items like old leaves and trees. However, a home becomes affected as spores enter, float through the air, and land on a wet surface. There are numerous types of mold, but none can grow without moisture. The most common places where mold forms include basements, attics, or where leaks occur. Mold may grow on:
  • Ceiling tiles
  • Rugs
  • Wood
  • Duct work
  • Drywall
Homes with central heating systems are most likely to suffer with mold issues because spores are constantly circulated through the air.

Health Problems from Mold

There has been an increase with concerns that indoor mold exposure leads to a variety of health problems, especially allergic reactions. When mold is present in a home, residents may suffer from itchy eyes, nasal congestion, and sneezing. In severe cases, it may lead to asthma or permanent lung damage.

Signs of a Mold Problem

  • Water stains on walls, floors, or ceilings
  • Cracked, peeling, bubbled paint or wallpaper
  • Bowed or Warped walls

Mold Prevention and Removal

There are many steps a person can take to prevent mold from forming:
  • Dry wet areas quickly. If there is a leaky pipe or a spill on the floor, it is essential to dry the site immediately.
  • Install Proper Ventilation. Anywhere that moisture develops should have a place to ventilate out of the home. For example, showers, stoves, and clothes dryers should properly vent outside of the house.
  • Direct Water Away from the House. Outside, the ground should slope away from a home's foundation. This keeps water from collecting and seeping into the basement.
  • Use mold resistant products. When building a new house or repairing an older home, things like mold resistant drywall and paint should be used. These products contain ingredients like fiberglass that prevent moisture absorption.
  • Monitor Roof Gutters. Cleaning gutters and repairing problems may prevent leaks from occurring on the roof.
When mold is not severe, it is possible to clean the problem without external help. However, it is essential to wear a mask, gloves, and goggles to keep spores from entering the eyes or lungs. A person should use soap and water to scrub mold off hard surfaces. All areas should be dried completely as well. Porous materials that are filled with mold may not be salvageable, so they should be eliminated and replaced. When mold has become out of control, it may be necessary to call in professional assistance. These experts know where to look for mold and how to safely remove it. The air of the space will be filtered to remove spores, and all nooks and crannies will be thoroughly cleaned as well. Many times, these companies will be able to help prevent new mold problems by waterproofing basements, fixing foundation cracks, and performing other procedures.  

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